Donor Sperm

sperm donorSome of the most important decisions about becoming a single mom are related to donor sperm. Donor sperm can be obtained in various ways, depending on what the intended mom is most comfortable with; they are:

Known Donor is when a friend wants to give his sperm to help a single woman become a mom. Many family lawyers recommend having a contract between friends to outline the sperm donor’s involvement, rights and financial obligations in the family for the future.

Anonymous Donor can be found through a sperm bank. As the name implies, an intended mom does not know the Anonymous Donor, including his name or medical history. However, recipients can choose a sperm donor based on basic characteristics such as race, academic achievements, looks and other factors.

Identity Release Donor, which is sometimes called Open Door Donor, gives the child the option to contact the donor, typically at 18 years of age or older.

Identity Release Donor is generally considered advantageous for the child for several reasons. There are practical issues; for example, a child may need to know about medical history that has developed during the time after the sperm was donated. There are also complex emotional issues since many children feel a need to know more about their fathers (e.g., what does he look like? What traits did I inherit from him?). In addition, some children want to meet their donor siblings, either out of curiosity or for medical reasons.

Sperm Donor Qualifications

Sperm donation is regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Sperm donors are required to be tested for certain infections and may also need to meet other criteria as determined by the sperm bank. Even though the FDA only requires that anonymous sperm donors be screened for risk factors and transmittable diseases, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) believes it is important that both anonymous donors and those known to the recipients undergo the same initial and periodic screening and testing process, such as infectious disease testing. Only a small percentage of men who want to donate sperm pass the screening process.

For women using donor sperm to get pregnant, sperm banks maintain donor profiles that provide basic information such as racial origin, skin color, height, weight, eye color, and blood group. Some sperm banks also require donors to provide medical histories. Depending on whether a patient chooses an anonymous donation or an open identity, the child will have the option to contact the donor in the future.

RMACT works with select sperm banks that meet meticulous screening standards and offer the diversity and range sought by moms-to-be of all backgrounds.  They are:

The Sperm Bank of California

T: (510) 841-1858

California Cryobank

T: (866) 927-9622

Fairfax Cryobank

T: 800-338-8407
T: 703-698-3976
F: 703-698-3933

NE Cryogenic Center

T: 617-244-4447
T: 800-991-4999
F: 617-244-6659


T: 800-277-3210

Park Avenue Fertility, LTD

T: (212) 779-1608
T: (877) 885-2796
F: (212) 779-2054
F: (888) 317-4702